1. Geographical location:
Krong Pac district is located in the eastern part of Dak Lak province, along National Highway No. 26, from 12th Km to 50th Km, the center is 30 km far from the center of Buon Ma Thuot city. Krong Pac occupies a natural area of 62,581 ha.
- Bordering Cu M'gar district and Buon Ho town in the North;
- Bordering Krong Bong and Cu Kuin districts in the South;
- Bordering Ea Kar district in the East;
- Bordering Buon Ma Thuot city in the West.
Krong Pac district is connected to the center of other districts in the province by the National Highways and Provincial Roads system, which is very convenient for socio-economic exchanges, trade, services and tourism. Located on National Highway No. 26, about 160 km from Nha Trang city - Khanh Hoa province, about 30 km from Buon Ma Thuot airport, Krong Pac takes advantage of sustainable socio-economic development opportunities and favorable conditions to strengthen its cooperation in investment and development.
Phuoc An Town is the political, economic and cultural center of Krong Pac district. Phuoc An center is located at the intersection of National Highway No. 26 and Provincial Road No. 9, connecting Krong Pac with Krong Bong district.
The terrain of Krong Pac is relatively flat, with an elevation of 500 m above sea level, gradually decreased from Southeast to Northwest. In general, Krong Pac's terrain is characterized by the following three types:
+ Highlands, rolling hills: This type of terrainiss mainly distributed in the North of the district, in the East of Buon Ma Thuot and Buon Ho Plateaux, stretching from West to East. The region occupies a largest area of the district (about 40,000ha), with an elevation of 500 m – 550 m above sea level.
+ Low mountain, steep slopes: Located in the South and Southwest of the district. The region has many scattered mountains such as Cu Drang (664m), Cu Kplang (648m) bodering Krong Bong district and the highest Cu Ouie mountain (788m) border with Cu Kuin district; the average slope is higher than 20.5%.
+ Low-lying area: Located in the South and Southeast districts, downstream of Krong Buk and Krong Pac rivers, with an area of about 12,000 ha. This area has an an elevation of 400m - 500m above sea level, relatively flat, mixed with mountains (Cui Mui - 502m, Cu Plung - 581m); containg marshes and some areas flooded in the rainy season.
3. Climate and weather:
- Located in the Central Highlands, Krong Pac is under the control of tropical monsoon climate, and the nature of the Central Highlands climate with two distinct seasons: rainy season and dry season. Krong Pac's climate features is a transition between the climate of the central and eastern region of Dak Lak province.
- The region receives around 2,473 hours of bright sunshine per year, in which the lowest sunshine hours received in October with 157 hours and the highest sunshine hours in March with 238 hours.
- The temperature is relatively higher as compared to other areas with the total annual temperature from 8,500oC – 9,000oC; average annual temperature is 23oC - 24oC; the lowest temperature is over 20oC; the highest temperature is 29.5oC.
- The annual humidity ranges around 82%; the lowest is 21% and the highest is 86%.
- The average annual evaporation is 1,026.3mm, in which the dry season is 102.36mm. The evaporation rate in dry season is 15 to 20 times higher than the rainfall (January and February). That causes droughts
- There are two main wind directions in Krong Pac including East - North, East - Northeast in the dry season and West and southwest winds in the rainy season. The region has no storms, but is directly affected by storms landing in the South Central Coast that can cause heavy rain.
- The annual rainfall ranges between 1,400 and 1,500 mm, being one of the low rainfall areas in the province. The rainy season starts from May to November; rainfall accounts for 85% of the annual rainfall, mainly concentrating from September to November. The dry season start from December to April next year, rainfall accounts for 15% of the annual rainfall.
- Surface water resources: Krong Pac has a fairly and densely distributed river-stream network. The large rivers and streams include Ea Knuec, Ea Wy, Ea Kuang, Krong Buk, Krong Pac. It is considered an advantage to build reservoirs, dams to serve agricultural production, eco-tourism exploitation. The District has over 70 large and small reservoirs and dams, including large reservoirs such as: Krong Buk hạ Lake, Ea Nhai Lake, Ea Wy Lake…
However, terrain and hydrograph characteristics as well as the decrease of forest area lead to quick drainage which causes severe water shortage in areas with high terrain in the dry season and floods in low-lying areas in the rainy season. - Underground water resources: according to the final report of "Dak Lak Rural Water Supply and Sanitation" project, the degree of water abundance basing on flowing rate reaches 0.01 – 0.05 l/ s.m in Phuoc An Town. It can be said that Krong Pac District takes an advantage of exploiting and using underground water resources to serve daily life, agricultural and industrial production. However, due to the phenomena of ground water flowing from upper layer to lower layer, underground water resources face high risks of becoming polluted.
- Land resources: Krong Pac District has a diverse land resources, including 08 main soil groups with 16 types of soil: Ferralsols accounts for 39,745 ha (including 25,750 ha of red-brown soil group formed from Basaltic rocks), equivalent to 63.85%. Fluvisol occupies 9,513.8 ha (15.28%); Luvisols accounts for 7,411ha (11.9%); Agrisols has the area of 2,912 ha, equivalent to 4.68%. Histosols accounts for 181ha (0.29%); Dystric Gleysols occupies 1,546ha (2.48%); Leptosols has the area of 18ha (0.03%). The network of rivers, streams and lakes accounts for 911.2ha (1.46%).
The red basaltic soil group is the largest soil group (accounting for 63.85% of the natural area). This is an important advantage for the district's agriculture development, especially highly valuable industrial crops. Almost 18,500 ha (29.7%) area of fluvisol, luvisols, gleysols along the rivers and streams will be used for developing high-yield rice cultivation areas and vegetables. This is the strength of the District.
Current status of land using: according to 2010 statiscal yearbook of Daklak Province, the total natural area is 62,581 ha including 42,988 ha of agricultural land (68.69%), 4.248ha of forestry land (6.79%), 8.262ha of specialized land (13.20%), 1.561ha of residential area (2.49%), 5.522ha of unused land (8.82%).
- Mineral resources: Krong Pac District has diverse mineral resources. Stone, clay, peat and sand are evaluated to have good reserves and exploited by units aiming to agriculture production and construction such as: microbiological fertilizer production, building stone and construction sand.
According to "Socio-economic development masterl plan of Krong Pac District in the period of 2006-2020"